Symptoms of infections caused by strep A range from fever and vomiting to skin rash and sore throat.
At least six children under ten have died in Britain in recent weeks. A three-year-old girl from Landes who died at Bordeaux University Hospital at the end of November. The cause: an invasive infection with the bacterium streptococci A.
If the fatal cases that are brought to the attention of the public are few today and a connection has not been established between the English and French situations, it is advisable to be aware of the symptoms of the infections that can cause streptococci A.
This bacterium is present in our body, precisely in the throat and on the skin, without necessarily being disease-causing. When streptococci A is not benign (angina, impetigo, scarlet fever), it can be responsible for many invasive infections (toxic shock, pneumopathy).
“More than three quarters of infections caused by streptococci A are non-invasive”, reassures infectious disease doctor Gaëlle Bourgeois, interviewed by Doctissimo.
According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, “Symptoms of a non-invasive group A strep infection include: fever, sore throat and mild skin infections such as rashes, sores, bumps and blisters”.
Invasive infections “can cause respiratory problems, destruction of skin and connective tissue, fever, a dangerous drop in blood pressure, vomiting and diarrhea”.
In France, these more serious infections have been increasing since the 2000s, with the incidence rising from 1.2 to 3.3/100,000, according to the Institut Pasteur.