By Caroline J., Cécile D. Posted May 9, 2022, 12:13 PM
The tiger mosquito continues to grow in France. On the 2022 map, updated by Vigilance Moustiques, we discover that three new departments are on red alert. To date, the tiger mosquito is therefore declared officially established and active in 67 departments of metropolitan France out of 96. Paris and all of Île-de-France, namely Seine-et-Marne, Yvelines, Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne and Val-d’Oise are concerned.
With the arrival of fine weather, we must once again pay attention to the Aedes albopictusthe famous tiger mosquito. the Mosquito Vigilance website updated the tiger mosquito presence map highlighting the presence of these dangerous mosquitoes, department by department. All those of the‘Ile-de-France are strongly affected by this tiny insect, but which can be a vector of several diseases.
Indeed, the news is not good, since the tiger mosquito progress on the national territory. In 2022, three new departments (Meurthe-et-Moselle, Loiret and Val-d’Oise) are placed in red vigilance, which means that the tiger mosquito is implanted and active there. In total, therefore, 67 French departments are in redwhile 6 departments are on orange alert.
The tiger mosquito: a “major health risk” in the years to come
According to a commission of inquiry in the Assembly, tiger mosquitoes will “represent a major health risk throughout the territory” during “of the next few decades“.
On July 28, 2020, the rapporteur of this commission of inquiry and LREM deputy from Mayotte, Ramlati Alihad confided:It is an invasive species, which did not exist in France before 2004. In 2019, 58 departments out of the 96 metropolitan departments were colonized“.
“If for fifty years the metropolitan territory lived sheltered from diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, this is no longer the case today. We will have to learn to live with them, limiting their impact on the health of the French people as much as possible.“, she added in this report.
To fight against the tiger mosquito, the commission of inquiry therefore unveiled 46 proposals. Goal ? “Revamping a prevention policy“, “overhaul the institutional framework“in order to curb the proliferation of these tiger mosquitoes or even”perpetuate“research resources.
Paris and all of Île-de-France placed on red alert
Paris and the seven other departments of Île-de-France are therefore affected by this red vigilancenamely the Seine et Marnethe YvelinesI’Essonethe Hauts-de-Seinethe Seine-Saint-Denisthe Val de Marne and the Val d’Oise – the only Ile-de-France department spared until then. ” It continues to rise towards the North of France and its population is becoming denser in the Rhone Valley, around Île-de-France and on the Atlantic coast. “, Explain Elsa Quillerycoordinator of scientific expertise at ANSES, in the columns of the Parisian.
Also, thehandles set up a website (https://signalement-moustique.anses.fr/) to report the tiger mosquito, in order to update the map as soon as possible.
What health risks ?
According to Ministry of Health websitethe tiger mosquito can cause serious illnesses such as dengue fever, the Zika virus or even chikungunya. ” When it bites a person infected with the Zika virus, dengue or chikungunya, it can transmit this infection » specifies theARS Ile-de-Francewhich nevertheless specifies that ” no case of virus transmission by this mosquito has been observed in the Île-de-France region “.
How to recognize the tiger mosquito?
If you fear being bitten by a tiger mosquito, make sure you know how to identify it first. Thereby, Vigilance-Mosquitoes confides that the tiger mosquito is ” smaller than a penny (it measures only a few millimeters, usually 5 mm), it has a fairly slow flight and is easy to crush in flight “. His physical appearance is also special, since it is black with white stripes on the legs and on the abdomen “. The City of Pariswhich indicates that a enhanced monitoring of the tiger mosquito is put in place by the authorities of the May 1 to November 30, 2022specifies that this insect is more active during the day, “with a peak of aggression at dawn and dusk“.
How to protect yourself from the tiger mosquito?
Actions are being taken to rid the region of this harmful insect and fight against the proliferation of mosquito larvae. In order to guard against tiger mosquitoesthe ministry website reminds us of the importance of paying attention to breeding sites » such as cups under flower pots, watering cans, old tires, clogged gutters… Here is some advice, avoid standing water and think about emptying all those little “ water reservoirs » or do not forget to renew them at least once a week. For ornamental ponds, consider introducing fish, which will eat the larvae.
For its part, the City of Paris recommends in particular repair leaks to avoid the formation of puddles and stagnation of water, but also sort, dispose of, return or shelter all containers where water can stagnate (miscellaneous waste, toys, tarpaulins, pots, buckets, garden bins, bins, tires, watering cans, wheelbarrows, etc.), or to avoid the use of flower pots with reserve. Also think about regularly renew the water of the flowers or cuttings (once or twice a week), or replace water in vases by wet sand, or even cover water supplies with a mosquito net or a simple fabric to prevent all access to mosquitoes (water cans, cisterns, basins). Also don’t forget to regularly and completely empty the tanks and columns of parasol bases that fill with rain or watering.
To avoid bitesduring a walk, prefer loose clothing covering the whole body, including legs and arms and light colored, as many species of mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors. At home, you can opt for the famous mosquito nets (bed and cradle mosquito net), preferably impregnated with insecticides, but also narrow-mesh mosquito nets at doors, windows and other entry points for mosquitoes. Also be sure to ventilate well to keep insects away. Be aware, moreover, that a fan or a air conditioner can help keep mosquitoes away.
You can also use skin repellents, but be careful, because not all are created equal. Also, to know these products and their conditions of use, do not hesitate to consult the recommendations of the High Council for Public Health published in the Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin of Public Health France of June 1, 2021, entitled “ Health recommendations for travelers », accessible here. Otherwise, ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice.
To hope to permanently get rid of the tiger mosquito best and signal one’s presence on the ANSES website so that the authorities can act on a large scale.