Marburg virus disease detected for the first time in Ghana

Two cases of Marburg virus disease, a hemorrhagic fever almost as deadly as Ebola, have been recorded for the first time in Ghana, health authorities announced on Sunday (July 17th).

On July 8, blood samples from two people taken in the Ashanti region (south) suggested the Marburg virus and the samples had been sent to the Pasteur Institute in Dakar (IDP) for confirmation, the Health Service said. Ghanaian (GHS). “Additional tests carried out at the IDP corroborated the results”Patrick Kuma-Aboagye, chief executive of GHS, said in a statement on Sunday. “This is the first time that Ghana has confirmed [la présence] Marburg virus”he specified.

Read also “So far, the Marburg virus has created few epidemics”

The 98 people identified as contact cases are currently in quarantine, the statement added, adding that no other case from Marburg has yet been detected among them. Health authorities say they are doing everything to “protect the health of the population”calling for cooperation ” of all “ for the virus to be “content effectively”.

Case fatality rates between 24% and 88%

Marburg virus disease is transmitted to humans by fruit bats and spreads among humans through direct contact with bodily fluids of infected people or with surfaces and materials, according to the World Health Organization. health (WHO). The disease begins suddenly, with high fever, intense headaches and possible malaise.

The WHO announced in September 2021 the end of the first episode of the Marburg virus in West Africa, 42 days after the identification of a single case in Guinea. Sporadic outbreaks and cases had in the past been reported elsewhere in Africa, including South Africa, Angola, Kenya, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Read also: Marburg virus: WHO declares the end of the episode in Guinea

Case fatality rates have ranged from 24% to 88% during these outbreaks, depending on the virus strain and case management, according to the WHO. Although there are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments to treat the virus, oral or intravenous rehydration and treatment for specific symptoms improves survival rates.

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The World with AFP

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