Apple fined one million euros in France

Apple was fined one million euros by the commercial court in Paris on Monday, December 19, for imposing unbalanced conditions on mobile application developers. The large American group ($90 billion in revenue from July to September) was the subject of a complaint filed in 2017 on behalf of Economy and Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire and revealed by him the following year. , at a time when Donald Trump’s USA wanted to tax steel and aluminum imports.

Bercy accused Apple and Google, which dominate the global mobile application ecosystem, of“to impose duties” to French start-ups that want to sell their applications on their platforms, recover their data and could to unilaterally change contracts. According to the judgment informed by Agence France-Presse (AFP), the commercial court upheld “significant imbalance” and “significant legal and financial uncertainty”, particularly spawned by the impossibility for developers to renegotiate the terms of the contract with Apple or to dispute the suspension of an application.

Also read: Apple launches its parts catalog in France

On the other hand, it rejected five of the eleven complaints, in particular regarding the exclusivity of the payment system or the commission rate (30%), “obviously not excessive and [qui] is very frequently found in commerce, whether it is online or physical”. The court also did not ask for changes to certain contentious clauses, referring to the European Digital Markets Regulation (DMA) voted in October, which “Apple now imposes, across Europe, a rebalancing of the clauses in favor of developers”.

“Apple believes in dynamic and competitive markets where innovation can flourish. (…) We will review this decision carefully and continue our efforts to support developers and provide a secure user experience.”, Apple responded Monday in a statement to AFP. Google was sentenced in March to a fine of two million euros and to change seven clauses in its application distribution contract.

Under pressure to justify commissions they levy on developers around the world, the two US giants, publishers of operating systems for Android and iOS mobiles, have cut their commissions for small developers and subscriptions in half and approved more flexibility in pricing applications. Enforcement of the DMA may also force Apple to allow the use of an alternative app store to the App Store and third-party in-app payment systems.

Also read: Google must pay a fine of 4.1 billion euros to European law for non-compliance with competition rules

The world with AFP

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