- Each year, 140,000 cases of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are recorded in France.
- 30% of stroke victims die before the end of the first month.
During their lifetime, one in 6 people will have a cerebral infarction, ie a sudden loss of one or many functions of the brain. This attack is caused by a sudden stop of blood circulation inside the brain or by the occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhage.
“A characteristic of strokes is the sudden onset of symptoms. (…) Their intensity may be maximum immediately, or accentuate over a few minutes or even a few hours”, can we read on the Inserm website. Although this cerebral attack presents itself without warning, several symptoms of a cerebrovascular accident can occur and announce the arrival of this infarction.
Early signs of a stroke
A month before it occurs, a stroke can manifest itself early in paralysis or numbness of the face and limbs (particularly the arm), which affects only one part of the body. An inability to smile can also indicate a future cerebral infarction. Another alarming sign: a speech disorder, either because of difficulty in articulating or finding words, or because of the use of incomprehensible words or difficulties in understanding what one hears.
Patients may also have difficulty understanding their interlocutor. Before an attack occurs, one may also face a vision problem (loss of sight in one eye or double vision) and a sudden loss of balance and coordination with unsteadiness at walk. A few weeks before a stroke, it is also possible to be short of breath for no reason and to suffer from an intense, brutal and unusual headache, according to the Health Insurance.
Consult a healthcare professional
If these signs appear, it is advisable to contact and consult a health professional in order to prevent the onset of a stroke.