Monkeypox or “simian orthopoxvirus” is a rare disease whose pathogen can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa.
When the virus reaches humans, it is mainly from various wild animals, rodents or primates for example. Human-to-human transmission is limited, says the World Health Organization (WHO).
Its symptoms resemble, in less serious, those which one observed in the past at the subjects reached of pox: fever, headaches, muscular pains, dorsal, during the first five days. Then appear rashes (on the face, the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet), lesions, pustules and finally scabs.
It was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) in a 9-year-old boy living in an area from which smallpox had been eliminated since 1968.
Since 1970, human cases of monkeypox have been reported in 10 African countries.
In the spring of 2003, cases were also confirmed in the United States, marking the first appearance of this disease outside the African continent.
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